We can classify current global environmental problems by their setting, causes, essence and possible solutions.






1.1. Atmospheric pollution with exhaust fumes and combustion by-products.

1.1. The burning of fuel, industrial and household waste, and industrial emissions: 15 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, 150 million tonnes of serum dioxide, 50 million tonnes of nitrogen oxide, 700 thousand tonnes of halocarbons, 100 thousand tonnes of toxic chemicals, 500 tonnes of lead and 10 thousand tonnes of mercury are emitted into the atmosphere.

1.2. Greenhouse effect.

1.2. Greenhouse concentration levels in the atmosphere; destruction of biota; thermal impact on the atmosphere (including high voltage electric radiation).

1.3. Thinning of the ozone layer (by up to 1 – 2% annually) and growth of ozone holes. The ozone hole in the Antarctic is of special concern; it has reached the area of 10 million sq. km and is moving towards the Southern Hemisphere. The Arctic is also losing its ozone layer by 6% annually.

1.3. Polluting emissions into the atmosphere, automobile and space transportation pollution

1.4. Oxygen share reduction in the atmospheric air.

1.4. Destruction and reduction of oceanic plankton that generates up to 70% of oxygen in the atmosphere.



2.1. Soil deterioration: erosion growth, diminishing fertility, per capita reduction of agricultural lands.


2.1. Irrational land management for agricultural production and cattle breeding; accumulating waste; influence of acidic precipitation and high levels of technogenic radiation.

2.2. Desert growth, including caused by technogenic (toxic) factors.

2.2. Pollutant accumulation, oxidization and salinisation.

2.3. Drastic reduction of mineral and land resources.

2.3. Increasing levels of industrial extraction; primitive extraction methods, which harm the environment



3.1. Genetic fund reduction.

Deforestation; industrial pollution; urbanisation.

3.2. Reduced area of forest, especially tropical.


Water resources

4.1. Water pollution.

4.1. Industrial and residential waste and acidic rain.

4.2. Reduction of fresh water reserves.

4.2. Growing levels of irrational consumption.

4.3. Reduction of populations and extinction of entire species of fish and animals living in fresh and salt water.

4.3. Commercial fishing and anthropo-technogenic waste poisoning.


Animal world

5.1. Reduction of populations and the genetic fund.

5.1. Hunting and poaching; cutting of trees; degradation and death of ecosystems; climate changes

5.2. Accumulation of hazardous synthetic substances in animals and humans that cause pathological conditions or stimulate pathogenic mutations.

5.2. Anthropo-technogenic factors of human interference with nature.



Reduction of the area of natural ecosystems (by 0,5 to 1 % and over annually)

Technogenic interference with nature, draining, deforestation, marshland creation and waste dumping



Drastic deterioration of the planet’s energy balance: CO2 concentration levels have risen by 20% during the last half a century.

Greenhouse effect, real threat of global warming, glacier melting and the flooding of considerable shore areas.