In the system of international division of labor, economically developed countries are primarily consumers while developing countries are producers and exporters of natural resources (mineral, forest and others). This type of “specialization” can be explained both by the location of different resources in the world and by the level of historical and socio-economic development of different countries.

Human dependence on nature has not been overcome; on the contrary, it has acquired a qualitatively new, global character: people clashed with nature in the 20th century when human abilities matched nature at the level of civilization abilities to use destructive forces. At the same time, human dependence on nature has decreased only relatively as people are highly dependent on the environment in terms of their life sustaining means.

Environmental issues, natural resource use, and social-economic development problems should be treated as global, valuable in and of themselves, and vitally important. At the same time, they cannot be treated separately from each other or locally within the limits of individual countries.

The threat of the depletion of resources vital for both social reproduction and industrial and economic systems makes us develop innovation solutions to rational resource management including resource substitution. We are looking forward to our website visitors providing your analysis, projects and ideas in the resource management area.