The setting of planetary governance political-legal objectives must result in creating the system of planetary governance institutions, and developing and implementing its administrative-governance and normative-legal instruments and mechanisms.
The planetary governance political-legal objectives will further the goals of ensuring the balance between:
· the integration processes of re-globalisation and preserving the national-state sovereignty of countries;
· reconciling local and global interests;
· complying with international legal norms; and maximum public participation in the creation of noospheric civilisation.
The key political-legal objectives of the infrastructure of planetary institutions will include:
- Planning, structuring and institutionalising planetary governance;
- Creating an internationally recognised and legally bound legislative basis of planetary governance;
- Unification of world political elites according to proportional distribution of power resources for resolving global problems and issues;
- Alleviating international tension on all levels of manifestation, removing the threat of nuclear war, and reduction of weapons of mass destruction;
To improve the planetary political-legal system, it would be desirable to combine various international conventions and treaties into a single “International Code” regulating the relationships between states, corporations, communities and the individual. The UN and its institutions would require more dramatic reforms based on current conditions, as well as goals and visions of harmonious development of the global community.
If the time needed to reconcile the national and planetary interests in relation to other planetary resources is going to be as long and controversial as the Kyoto process, then planetary disasters, and the exhaustion of the limited energy and physical resources, will come sooner than the regulation and rational use of free goods provided by the natural environment. In order to overcome this contradiction - so that rational solutions could be achieved before the advent of destructive tendencies - it is necessary to accelerate the development and adoption of international legislation, and the whole system of planetary and continental institutions regulating appropriation of planetary resources. We need breakthroughs: in the field of supra-national law; in the development of continental and planetary institutions; and in the determination of the measure of national sovereignty, and general obligations to nature and to coming generations. Concerning the legal objectives of planetary governance specifically, they will not only focus on political institutions, but also regulate integrated planetary economy. Above all, they will include the normative-legal foundations of managing planetary resources and appropriating planetary rent.
Today, the bulk of natural resources belong to nation states, and they are regulated by their institutions, laws and economic traditions. Meanwhile, there are a lot of problems that require the reconciliation of national and planetary interests, actions, programmes and projects.
Natural resource use determines the urgent need to create a mechanism of planetary property management. In economics, these resources are normally divided into alienable and inalienable. This classification leads us directly to different ownership relations, because these relations imply appropriation in a certain social form. This is the root of the key conflict: the incompatibility of public attitude interested in saving the environment, and the commercial interests of economic entities that result in harm to the environment.
In view of anti-civilisational, disintegrative forms of economic behaviour, it is especially important to create a system of laws that protect the interests of humanity as a whole. First, the laws should be restraining; and regulatory economic, environmental and social legislation should be built on a rational basis.
It is necessary to accelerate the development and adoption of international legislation, and the whole system of planetary and continental institutions regulating appropriation of planetary resources. We need breakthroughs: in the field of supra-national law; in the development of continental and planetary institutions; and in the determination of the measure of national sovereignty, and general obligations to nature and to coming generations.
The issues to be resolved will include: limitations on national civil law; harmonisation of the latter with international law; and elimination of any inconsistencies and conflicting interpretations. An important place in all this work will belong to international civic organisations, such as the green movement, unions of political parties, international trade unions and business associations, and international scientific organisations and creative unions.