Discovery of X-rays
The German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen was surprised to discover that there were “all-penetrating” rays, which he called X-rays, on 8 November 1895. The German scientist’s discovery had a profound impact on the development of science. X-ray experiments and research have helped to learn more about the composition of matter, which, coupled with several other discoveries, made scientists rethink several principles of classical physics. Soon after the discovery, Roentgen tubes came into use in many fields of technology. For this ground breaking discovery, which laid the foundation for nuclear physics, Roentgen was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.