To provide social, cultural and moral-psychological mechanisms of resolving important global issues (e.g., global human integration, saving the biosphere, removing global problems, and addressing global risks, as well as building a resource saving system of production and consumption), which are spelled out in the Planetary Project, we must form and promote a mobilisation ideology, a new anti-crisis way to understand the world. It must be based on planetary ethics, which, in its turn, must be built on the foundation of global spiritual synthesis. This synthesis can only be founded on resolving cultural and value-symbolic issues in a compromise-based way.
There are major differences in how different nations view and understand moral-ethical categories, ethical problems, belief in the higher forces and basis of existence, their religious practice, goal setting and behaviour. Experience shows that even objective recognition of universal human values has not made them equally central in social and artistic cultures, education or upbringing in different countries. Not less important is the fact that a whole range of social problems (e.g., personal status, rights and freedoms) are crucial for the social policy of modern countries. Cultural-historical values underlie any social policy, because they feed into political culture and are formalised and legitimised by national legislation.
As social scientists, philosophers and futurologists had envisaged in the 19th and 20th centuries, the 21st century opened with a conflict of cultures. Value systems of the East and West, of traditional and modernised societies, and of continental and island civilisations have clashed. From a planetary point of view, we cannot accord different merit to different cultural-historical value systems. We must raise a question about the need to resolve contradictions, conflicts of interest and mentality differences in a peaceful manner. Cross-cultural communication will contribute to the dialogue of cultures and civilizations striving for compromise and mutually beneficial partnership in achieving survival, and promoting peace and development.